Validation of accelerated 4D flow MRI sequences

This study compared four-dimensional (4D) flow to standard two-dimensional (2D) flow sequences in order to determine whether 4D flow can reduce scan time with equivalent image quality and accuracy, but found no significant difference compared to the 2D flow.

Article: Validation of two accelerated 4D flow MRI sequences at 3 T: a phantom study

Authors: Sebastian Ebel, Lisa Hübner, Benjamin Köhler, Siegfried Kropf, Bernhard Preim, Bernd Jung, Matthias Grothoff, and Matthias Gutberlet