Is there a connection between multiple sclerosis and reduced cerebral venous blood drainage? Read more about the results of comparing the size of the jugular foramina in patients with MS and in control subjects.
- The right foramen diameter was 10% smaller in MS patients compared to controls
- There was a similar difference (8%) in the sum of the diameters of both foramina in MS patients compared to controls
- The disease course of MS (relapsing-remitting or secondary progressive) was not associated with the foramen diameter
- The foramen diameter was not correlated with the expanded disability status scale
Authors: Giacomo Davide Edoardo Papini, Giovanni di Leo, Moreno Zanardo et al.